This article will look at what CBD is, how it might benefit a person’s health, how to use it, any possible risks, and its legal status in the United States.Everything you need to know about Cannabidiol CBD oil,How to use CBD-What is CBD oil,Benefits,Legality,Risks and Side effects
CBD is often extracted from the cannabis sativa plant in oil form and mixed with an inert carrier oil like hemp seed oil for consumption. In recent years, CBD oil has skyrocketed in popularity thanks to its purported calming effects. It can now be found in a range of products from simple oil tinctures to CBD-infused potato chips.
Better known as CBD, it is one of more than 100 chemical compounds called cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant, Cannabis sativa (Source).
QUICK FACTS ABOUT CANNABIDIOL (CBD) OIL
Some studies suggest that CBD may help with substance abuse disorders, mental health disorders, and certain types of cancers. However, we need more research in humans to find out more about these potential effects.
In June 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Trusted Source approved the prescription use of Epidiolex, a purified form of CBD oil, for treating two types of epilepsy.
Cannabis contains a wide range of compounds, with varying effects. Some — but not all— are useful as a treatment. Similarly, some forms — but not all — are legal in some states.
Cannabidiol is a popular natural remedy used for many common ailments.
How is cannabidiol different from marijuana, cannabis and hemp?
- CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis (marijuana).
- While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, a cousin of marijuana, or manufactured in a laboratory.
- One of hundreds of components in marijuana, CBD does not cause a “high” by itself.
- According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential….
- To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, which means it causes the sensation of getting high that’s often associated with cannabis. However, unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive.
- This quality makes CBD an appealing option for those who are looking for relief from pain and other symptoms without the mind-altering effects of cannabis or other side effects related to some pharmaceutical drugs.
Is CBD legal?
- Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3% THC) are legal on the federal level but are still illegal under some state laws.
- Cannabis-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level but are legal under some state laws.
- Check your state’s laws and those of anywhere you travel.
- And keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approvedTrusted Source and may be inaccurately labeled.
The evidence for cannabidiol health benefits
CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and, in some cases, stop them altogether. Epidiolex, which contains CBD, is the first cannabis-derived medicine approved by the FDA for these conditions.
This article covers 10 evidence-backed health benefits of CBD, as well as potential side effects and safety concerns related to CBD products.
CBD research is growing, too. Here are Top 10 ways cannabidiol studies suggest CBD oil could benefit your health.
10.May alleviate certain cancer-related symptoms
Though CBD may improve certain cancer-related symptoms in some people, research findings are currently mixed and more studies are needed to assess its effectiveness and safety.
CBD may help reduce some cancer-related symptoms and side effects related to cancer treatment, such as nausea, vomiting, and pain.
An older study looked at the effects of CBD and THC in 177 people with cancer-related pain who did not experience relief from pain medication.
Those treated with an extract containing both compounds experienced a significant reduction in pain compared with those who received only THC extract (Source).
A review of five studies found some evidence that Sativex may help reduce cancer-related pain in some people (Source).
Other health benefits of CBD Oil
- Antipsychotic effects. Studies suggest that CBD may help people with schizophrenia and other mental health conditions by reducing symptoms of psychosis (Source).
- Substance abuse treatment. CBD may be helpful for relieving anxiety and depression in people who have a dependence on certain drugs, including heroin (Source).
- Possible extension of life in those with glioblastoma. Recent studies suggest that treatment with a combination of CBD and THC may help extend the life of some people with an aggressive form of cancer called glioblastoma, yet research is limited (Source).
- Possible improvement in sleep. Some studies suggest that CBD might help improve sleep in people with certain sleep disorders, though more research is needed (Source).
How can CBD be taken?
- CBD comes in many forms, including oils, extracts, capsules, patches, vapes, and topical preparations for use on skin. If you’re hoping to reduce inflammation and relieve muscle and joint pain, a topical CBD-infused oil, lotion or cream – or even a bath bomb — may be the best option.
- Alternatively, a CBC patch or a tincture or spray designed to be placed under the tongue allows CBD to directly enter the bloodstream.
- Outside of the US, the prescription drug Sativex, which uses CBD as an active ingredient, is approved for muscle spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis and for cancer pain.
- Within the US, Epidiolex is approved for certain types of epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis.
Potential side effects of CBD products
Special Precautions and Warnings
Children: It is possibly safe for children to take a specific prescription CBD product (Epidiolex) by mouth in doses up to 25 mg/kg daily. This product is approved for use in children with certain conditions who are at least 1 year old. It isn’t clear if other CBD products are safe in children.
Liver disease: People with liver disease may need to use lower doses of CBD.
Parkinson disease: Some early research suggests that taking high doses of CBD might make muscle movement and tremors worse in some people with Parkinson disease.
Though CBD is generally well-tolerated and is considered safe, it may cause adverse reactions in some people.
Side effects noted in studies include
- changes in appetite and weight
Other side effects, including abnormal liver function test results, drowsiness, sedation, and pneumonia, have been reported in childhood epilepsy studies. But these effects could stem from CBD interacting with other medications, such as clobazam (Source).
In fact, CBD interacts with several medications, including pain medications, antidepressants, seizure medications, and diabetes medications. Before you try CBD oil, discuss it with a healthcare professional to assess safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions
Additionally, it’s important to note that the market is currently saturated with CBD products, many of which are low quality.
CBD is added to foods, beverages, dietary supplements, and body care products, and these items are often marketed as a way to improve stress, pain, and sleep issues.
However, this does not mean you should include any of these items in your diet or wellness routine.
Although some evidence suggests that CBD may be helpful for certain aspects of health, dosing varies widely in research studies. It’s difficult to determine what dose is most appropriate for treating specific health needs.
What’s more, many products contain a blend of ingredients, not just CBD. For example, dietary supplements that contain CBD plus a blend of herbal ingredients may not be safe for everyone, as many herbs have the potential to interact with commonly prescribed medications.
Before you use a CBD product, talk with a healthcare professional to discuss appropriate dosing and any other questions you may have.
If you do decide to use a CBD product, choose one that has been third-party tested for quality and purity.
SUMMARYAlthough CBD is generally considered safe, it can cause adverse effects such as diarrhea and fatigue in some people. It may also interact with certain medications, causing side effects that may be harmful.
The Bottom Line on Cannabidiol
If you decide to try CBD, make sure you are getting it from a reputable source. And talk with your doctor to make sure that it won’t affect any other medicines you take.
CBD oil has been studied for its potential role in easing the symptoms of many common health conditions, including anxiety and neurological disorders. Plus, it may benefit heart health and help relieve certain types of pain.
Keep in mind that some of these health benefits are related to the use of CBD combined with THC, not CBD alone.
Research investigating the effects of CBD on certain conditions is ongoing, and there is still much to be learned about the potential uses of CBD.
If you’re interested in trying CBD to manage a health condition or to support overall health, check with a healthcare professional first. They can help you decide whether adding a CBD product to your routine is appropriate and help you choose the best product.
Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer or COVID-19, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may prove to be a helpful, relatively non-toxic option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies, we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD currently is typically available as an unregulated supplement, it’s hard to know exactly what you are getting.
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